What is the Nature of Forensic Science? Explained!

Forensic Science possess two peculiarities characteristics. Nature of Forensic Science is multi professional. The nature of Forensic Science is multi-discipl

FORENSIC SCIENCE

Shubham Kumar

1/29/20244 min read

man in white dress shirt wearing black sunglasses
man in white dress shirt wearing black sunglasses
white wooden shelf with bottles and boxes
white wooden shelf with bottles and boxes

Ever imagined why forensic science occurs, why forensic science evolved day to day, why so we need forensic science, how exactly an investigator uses forensic science in investigation and what kind of evidence collected, preserved and analyzed by forensic expert. If you have wondered about these things, then you are the right place.

In this article we are going to learn about the nature of Forensic Science. The nature includes its need, uses, requirements, procedures and elements in forensic science.

In order to understand the nature of forensics science, first you need to know what exactly forensic science is.

In forensic science, the term ‘forensic’ is derived form the Latin term ‘forum 'which means ‘to gather people seeking justice ‘. If defined in layman language, the term forum refers to the legal procedure in which the justice is being served on the basis of evidence.

Forensic science is the specialized branch, encompassing the application of various scientific principles, in order to collect, analyze, preserve, recognize, individualize and evaluate the physical evidence present on the crime scene. The branches of forensic Science embraces seven principles. Forensic experts follows these principles strictly during investigation. The principles of are the one who governs the fate of the crime committed.

The father of forensic science was Sir Arthur Canon Doyle, who demonstrated the practices of forensic science via his famous characters Sherlock Holmes.

Nature of Forensic Science

Forensic science encompasses wide range of scientific branches and applicated them in purpose of law. All the techniques you see in forensic science, is originally borrowed from various scientific disciplines. Disciplines such as physics, biology, chemistry and their derived subjects such as serology, odontology, ballistics, cyber, toxicology, entomology, etc. However, in the past few decades, forensic s undergoes drastic evolution and upgrade.

Nowadays, it has its own specific principles and techniques, which exclusively belongs to the forensic domains. Principles like fingerprint, document examination, anthropology, trace evidence and many more. Consequently, in recent times, forensic science has witnessed significant developments in various fields. Fields like serology, odor analysis, voice analysis, crime scene reconstruction through blood stains, digital photography, automation in digital evidence and exclusively using the computer in Evalution of evidence. One of the most significant developments possessed by forensic in 20th century is Narco Analysis and DNA profiling. These advances have wide range of application over the identification of human beings. Moreover, reaches to differentiate between pants, animal and humans.

Forensic Science possess two peculiarities characteristics:

  • Nature of Forensic Science is multi-professional.

  • The nature of Forensic Science is multi-disciplinary.

The nature of Forensic Science is multi-professional.

Forensic scientist has to depend on up to the investigating officers. The dependency effects the work of forensic scientist at a great extent. The reliability is for the proper functioning of forensic analysis and to present accurate conclusions in court. Moreover, the reliability is also for the effective utilization of evidence in the dissemination of justice. Though forensic scientist does the evidence analysis. However, if the investigator fails to collect them properly, it will even render to efforts of senior forensic analyst. Therefore, efforts of forensic experts are dependent upon the action of investigator.

Furthermore, if the investigator, does not know how to how to collect, preserve, how to keep it intact and its integrity of evidence, it will affect in further investigation. Moreover, the investigating officer has to be a specialist in handling the clue materials. Consequently, the counsel and judges should have adequate knowledge about the forensic evidence, so they can compare the forensic evidence with the remaining evidence.

Moreover, the public should also know the knowledge about the forensic science and respected evidence. With this knowledge, public will be aware of the importance of evidence. Therefore, they will not create hindrance in investigation by disturbing, contaminating, destroying and transferring the evidence from the crime scene.

The nature of Forensic Science is multi-disciplinary.

The second nature of the forensic science is that this branch of science is the comprehensive collaboration of multiple disciplines. Forensic science calls for the comprehensive science laboratories which has experts specialized in all required disciplines, tools & techniques and utilization of existed resources to its full potential for lawful purposes.

Since, there are many branches that exists, therefore, these laboratories are very costly to have in large number. It's not possible for any nation to have multiple high facilities, hence, it's not even approached. Therefore, we have only limited number of facilities specialized in multiple disciples, which are only used for limited purposes. Moreover, the small forensic laboratories also exist, works as secondary to the multi-disciplinary facility. These multi-disciplinary facilities are located on strategic position, mostly in research centers, institute of technology, medical research centers, etc.

This blog achieves its aim to make you aware you about the nature of forensic science. I hope you liked it.

Reference

  • "Forensic DNA Typing" by John M. Butler

  • "The Forensic Casebook: The Science of Crime Scene Investigation" by Ngaire E. Genge

  • "Forensic Science: A Very Short Introduction" by Jim Fraser

  • "Practical Crime Scene Processing and Investigation" by Ross M. Gardner