What is Cyber Crime? Nature & Reasons behind Cyber Crimes | Unraveling the Complex Web of Cyber Crimes

A Cyber Crime may be defined as any illegal criminal activity that uses a computer either as an instrumentality, target or means of perpetrating further crime.


Shubham Kumar

1/28/20243 min read

a laptop on a table
a laptop on a table
a close up of a cell phone with a pattern on it
a close up of a cell phone with a pattern on it

The surge in information technology and electronic media since the 1980s has birthed a new breed of criminal activities known as "Cyber Crime." These offenses, ranging from theft of communication services to terrorism and extortion, pose a global challenge to law enforcement agencies in the contemporary era.

Unraveling the Complex Web of Cyber Crimes: A Global Challenge

Unlike conventional crimes, Cyber Crimes can be executed anonymously, leaving victims vulnerable without the physical presence of the criminal. In this article we are going to learn about the definition, nature of cyber-crime, moreover, we will understand, why do people commit cyber-crimes.

Reference- Criminology, Penology, Victimology by Prof. N. V. ParanjapeWrite your text here...

What is a cyber Crime?

The tern 'Cyber Crime' is a complex task to define, as this term is nowhere defined in any acts or statements enforced either by state or parliament of the state. Some institutions believe that this term is a misnomer. On the same note, some believe that this term is mere as equal to conventional crime. However, has only one difference, the involvement of computer, software and virtual space. While some believe Cyber Crime is similar to that of other defined crimes, as it also shares the same grounds in breach of law governed and enforced by state.

Cyber Crime is defined as the commission and omission of illicit and unlawful act by the means of computers, software and virtual spaces, to either target or to make it as medium to commit crimes in future. In simpler sense- A Cyber Crime may be defined as any illegal criminal activity that uses a computer either as an instrumentality, target or means of perpetrating further crime.

Cyber Crime is an unlawful act wherein the computer is either a tool or a target or both. by- Prof. N. V. Paranjape

The term 'cyber-crime' lands on different note than that of other conventional crimes, as cyber-crime include computer, software and virtual space as medium, while conventional crimes use physical and emotional presence as medium.

There are variety number of Cyber Crimes currently prevailing in the world, and since it depends on the software and technology, we witness significant evolution in commission and omission of cyber-crimes. Some most prevalent types of Cyber Crimes like- acts against the confidentiality, integrity and availability of computer data or systems, computer related offences, content related offences, copyright related offences etc. have outraged multiples numbers of victims.

Nature and Scope of Cyber Crime

Cyber Crime inherits the transnational nature since its origin, it affects different parts of the world, in different manner. For example- The major Cyber Crime reported in Vietnam is tourism based, however, the major Cyber Crime reported in US is property and identity theft based. Therefore, it's possible, that a particular solution for cyber-crime may work in one nation, however, portrays adverse effect on other nation. Therefore, in order to curb down the cyber-crime, we need a global level collaboration.

Cyber Crime founds its origin since 1900s, and still today we are vulnerable to these illicit activities. This is because at global scale, nations get failed to set a global standard mitigation strategy for cyber-crime, probably due to their own national interests. This scenario is provoking cyber-criminals to act more violently, without risk of getting arrested. The absence of a standardized global anti-cyber crime legislation acts as fertile grounds for cyber criminals. Achieving uniformity in laws worldwide is crucial for effective collaboration among law enforcement agencies.

Moreover, the Twelfth UN Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice in 2010 acknowledged the serious concern over the extensive use of computer science and technology in cyber-crimes. International cooperation was emphasized to combat these crimes effectively.

Reasons Behind Cyber-Crime

Several factors contribute to the unprecedented rise in cyber crimes in recent years:

Compact Data Storage: Computers have the unique ability to store vast amounts of data in a small space, making it easier for criminals to derive and remove information.

Ease of Access: Computers are easily accessible, and unauthorized access through complex cyber space technology is attainable, bypassing security systems.

Complex Operating Systems: The intricate operating systems of computers, composed of millions of codes, become susceptible to cyber offenders exploiting human fallibility.

Ephemeral Evidence: Computer systems quickly destroy evidence, making it challenging for investigating agencies to collect relevant materials after a crime is committed.

Security Negligence: Even the slightest negligence in ensuring the security of computer systems can have catastrophic consequences, allowing cyber criminals to gain unauthorized control over the system.

Addressing the rising tide of cyber crimes requires a concerted effort at the global level, including the formulation of standardized international laws, improved technological safeguards, and enhanced cooperation among law enforcement agencies worldwide. As our world becomes increasingly interconnected, the battle against cyber crimes becomes more urgent than ever.