The Name and Location of All 206 Bones in the Human Body

22 (Skull) + 25 (Ribs) + 33 (Vertebrae) + 120 (Limbs) + 6 (ears)- 206 bones The human skeletal system consists of 206 bones; however, it was not always


Shubham Kumar

1/28/20244 min read

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An adult human being averagely comprised on 206 bones, which forms the crucial parts of their body framework. The question of names of all the 206 bones in human body must have arrived in your mind too. Well that's the reason why you are hear, I guess!

In this article we are going, to tell you about the name and location of all the 206 bones in human body. This information is very useful to the first-year medical students and for forensic anthropologists.

All the 206 Bones in Human Body

The human skeletal system consists of 206 bones; however, it was not always the same. At the time of birth, the human body comprised of more than 250 bones, since they have to get out of the mother's womb, their bones are very flexible and fragile. Most of their bones were not fused, and hence they comprised of more than 250 bones. As the time passes, these bones began to fuse with each other, an at an average adult human body, contains 206 bones.

22 (Skull) + 25 (Ribs) + 33 (Vertebrae) + 120 (Limbs) + 6 (ears)- 206 bones

Let's discuss the location and name of all the 206 bones in human body!

The human skeletal system comprises various bones categorized into distinct sections. One such section is the skull, consisting of 22 bones. It is divided into the cranium, composed of eight bones, and the facial bones, consisting of 14 bones. The cranium includes paired bones such as the temporal and parietal bones, as well as unpaired bones like the sphenoid and ethmoid bones. On the other hand, the facial bones comprise paired bones like the inferior nasal concha and lacrimal bones, along with unpaired bones such as the mandibular and vomer bones.

Another crucial section is the rib cage, composed of 25 bones. This cage includes 24 rib bones, divided into true ribs, false ribs, and floating ribs, along with the sternum bone. These ribs encase and protect vital organs like the lungs and heart. Understanding the human bones is essential not only for medical professionals but for everyone to comprehend their body's structure and functions.

The vertebral column, consisting of 33 bones (26 when fused), forms the spinal section of the skeletal framework. These bones, including cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, and coccyx vertebrae, maintain posture and protect the spinal cord. Additionally, the limbs, comprising 120 bones, provide mobility and dexterity. Divided into upper and lower limbs, they include bones such as the humerus, femur, radius, ulna, tibia, fibula, carpals, metacarpals, tarsals, and metatarsals, along with phalanges.

Furthermore, the ear, a crucial sensory organ, consists of six bones known as ossicles, facilitating the transmission of sound vibrations. These ossicles include the malleus, incus, and stapes, contributing to the auditory process. Understanding the anatomy and functions of these bones is fundamental not only for medical purposes but also for appreciating the complexity and wonder of the human body.

206 Bones with their names and location

All the 206 bones in human body is spread across skull, ribs, vertebrates, limbs and pelvic region.

Skull (22 bones)

Cranium (8 bones)

  • Paired Bones (4)

    • Temporal Bone (2)

    • Parietal Bone (2)

  • Unpaired Bones (4)

    • Sphenoid Bone

    • Ethmoid Bone

    • Frontal Bone

    • Occipital Bone

Facial Bone (14)

  • Paired Bones (12)

    • Inferior Nasal Concha (2)

    • Lacrimal (2)

    • Nasal (2)

    • Palatine (2)

    • Zygomatic (2)

    • Maxillary (2)

  • Unpaired Bones (2)

    • Mandibular

    • Vomer

Rib Cage (25 bones)

Rib Bones (24) and Sternum Bone (1)

  • True Ribs (14)- 7 each side, connected directly to the sternum.

  • False Ribs (6)- 3 each side, connected to sternum through true ribs. Indirectly connected to sternum.

  • Floating Ribs (4)- 2 each side, connected to false ribs, there are not connected to sternum.

Vertebrae (33) / (26 in fused)

Cervical Vertebrae (7)

  • C1 (Atlas)

  • C2 (Axis)

  • C3, C4, C5, C6, C7

Thoracic Vertebrae (12)

  • T1 to T12

Lumbar Vertebrae (5)

  • L1 to L5

Sacral (Fused Bone) (5 in 1)

Coccyx (Fused Bone) (4 in 1)

Limbs (120)

Upper Limbs (60)

  • Humerus

  • Radial

  • Ulna

  • Carpals

  • Metacarpals

  • Phalanges

Lower Limbs (60)

  • Femur

  • Tibia

  • Fibula

  • Tarsals

  • Metatarsals

  • Phalanges

Ear (6)

Middle Ear Bones (Ossicles) (6)

  • Malleus (Hammer) (2)

  • Incus (Anvil) (2)

  • Stapes (Stirrup) (2)

Way Forward

The adult human skeletal system is a remarkable framework consisting of 206 bones, each playing a specific and vital role in supporting, protecting, and facilitating various bodily functions. The bones are categorized into different regions, showcasing their diversity and specialized functions.