Role, Responsibilities and Function of Police in General

Have you ever wondered what kind of samples; these doctors collect in order to detect the type of poison from the victim. The samples are heavily depend upon


Shubham Kumar

1/29/20244 min read

blue bmw car in a dark room
blue bmw car in a dark room
man in black and white adidas jacket and black helmet standing on road during daytime
man in black and white adidas jacket and black helmet standing on road during daytime

Whenever we heard about police, we often compare this department with the one catching criminals and solving crimes, however, they does have other important functions to do. These function holds prominent grounds in social and legal aspects.

In this article we are going to learn about the role responsibilities and functions of police in general

In order to understand the role and responsibility of police, first you should know what exactly a police is?

The term police, itself explains its importance, as this word stands as the most ubiquitous organizations of the society. The police department is regarded as the most visible and transparent representative of the state. Police organization happen to be the most appropriate and approachable unit for the public, in the period of turmoil.

In the time of social unrest, hour need, danger, crisis, difficulty and turmoil, police department happen to be most trusted organization in the state. In the search of justice, when a citizen dose not know what to do , whom to ask, and whom to approach, the first time comes to their mind is police, as they holds potential to bring justice within the society.

Police department are the most accessible, interactive, and dynamic organization of any society.

The role and functions of police in general are

Police are the major entity in any society in controlling down the illicit activities, which holds potential to disrupts the smooth functioning of society. A police officer not only works for the state, but also works for the public resides within it. Therefore, they have several roles are responsibility towards both, the state (government) and the society (public).

Role and responsibilities towards State

The most important responsibility of a police officer is to uphold and enforce the laws impartially. Moreover, their responsibility also lands on the domains of protection of life, liberty, property, human rights and dignity of members of society.

Police departments holds crucial grounds in controlling the level of crimes within the states, moreover, curbing down the potential opportunities for the commission of crimes.

They have their own preventive measures, using of which they catch the criminals. Notably, they cooperate with other agencies for the same goal, that is to control the crime rate.

In cases of the cognizable offences, it is the responsibility of police officer registering the complaint to provide the copy of FIR to the complainant. Additionally, should provide the copy of FIR in all the required institutions. Moreover, a police officer should investigate all the cognizable offences whichever comes to their notice through complaints.

The first responders in any kind of situations holds prominent grounds in calming the public, should provide all the possible help to people in situations arising from the natural and unnatural disasters. being a first responder, that police officer has the most appropriate knowledge about the situation public are suffering with. Therefore, he should provide assistance and necessary information to multiple agencies so that they can ensure appropriate measures for relief and rehabilitations.

Police departments are multi-tasking, as on one side they work for public, simultaneously, they keep a close eye on public's behavior and routine. This is to collect intelligence relating to matters affecting public peace. Furthermore, to curb all kinds of social offences, communalism, extremism, terrorism, and other matters relating to national security. Moreover, shares the same insights to the relevant agencies, much sounds like cooperation for the public safety.

Role and responsibilities towards Society

The police officers are often regarded as the heart of the smooth-running society. Notably, they serve their life for protection of internal security in the society. Moreover, they prevent and control the terrorist activities, maintain the communal harmony, militant activities, and other situations which holds potential to affect the internal security of a society.

The growth and development of any country is measured by its infrastructure. That's the only reason why many revolutionaries and militants attacks on public property and infrastructures. Police department holds prominent grounds in securing the public properties including railways, roads, bridges, vital installations, establishments, etc. against any kind of destructive attack.

The responsibility of a police officer is to register all the complaints brought to them by the complainant or any representative of the complaint. The method of receiving a complaint can ranges from e-mail to face to face registration.

They should try to create and maintain the feeling of security in the community, and should try to maintain the same, as far as possible to prevent conflicts and promote amity.

During the public violence or social unrests, the responsibility of the police department is to maintain the stability within the society.

On of the most promising feature of police officer is to aid the individual who is in danger of physical harm, property harm or mental harm. Moreover, to provide necessary help to prove them relief in distress situations.

Police functions as to facilitate the smooth and orderly movement of people and vehicle in public areas. Therefore, to control the traffic on roads and highways.

As a police officer, they should take charge on all the type of unclaimed property, furthermore, taking required actions on the same by safe custody. Moreover, to dispose the same in accordance with the procedures.

I hope this post has achieved its aim to provide you information regarding the role, responsibilities and functions of police in general.


  • "Forensic DNA Typing" by John M. Butler

  • "The Forensic Casebook: The Science of Crime Scene Investigation" by Ngaire E. Genge

  • "Forensic Science: A Very Short Introduction" by Jim Fraser

  • "Practical Crime Scene Processing and Investigation" by Ross M. Gardner